Recently I had the opportunity to sit in on a planning meeting between the Environmental Protection Agency of American Samoa, Department of Marine Wildlife and the American Samoa Power Authority. This meeting was to discuss the implementation and roll-out of a new mitigation program that would include data collection to help assist in evaluating the types and sources of pollution on the coastlines of American Samoa. Within 3 weeks, I found this article written in the local newspaper, the American Samoa News about a group of roughly 25 individuals who collected 160 bags of waste during a cleanup of the Pala Lagoon on the opposite side of the Nu’uuli Mangroves.
With this in mind, I accepted an invite to take a short tour of a section of the Mangroves, a section that stretches out into the Lagoon and is one of the areas proposed to be mitigated by the EPA. What we found was heartbreaking.
As I toured the mangroves, I had a conversation with Dennis Ahoia, a local business owner and family member tied to one of the pieces of land designated as part of the Nu’uuli Mangroves. This part of the island is uninhabited, yet the area is full of rubbish, and most of it is fairly new. After a short boat ride across the bay, Dennis lead me through the mangroves, most of which are completely undeveloped. He showed me sections where decades ago, walls and foundations were buried from when families used to live here.
As he used his machete to clear a pathway he explained to me his families involvement in cleaning up a portion of the land. His astonishment at the quantity of pollution was evident. “Several years ago we were cleaning up a portion of this land, and a small fire spread across the mangroves, it burned for several days and while it was unfortunate, it burned all the trash. So all of this, all of this is new.”
What amazed me the most is that there are significant barriers at the waters edge that should in theory capture and limit the spread of rubbish in this area. Large portions of debris can be found up to 50 feet inland from the shoreline. According to Ahoia, much of this pollution comes directly from the Village of Nu’uuli and the multiple streams that discharge into the bay. His disheartened amazement at the quantities of pollution is evident throughout our entire walk. “Where does all this come from?”, he asks shaking his head. “People don’t take care of their garbage and it ends up here.” It appears that this debris then floats with the currents until it comes to the shoreline where wind and varying tides carry it inland.
Managing this pollution is a multi step process that begins with personal responsibility. Putting trash in its place and not littering are the first solutions to preventing this type of pollution to occur. Secondary measures are to avoid purchasing items that are common pollutants like Styrofoam take out containers. Requesting your local business purchase environmentally responsible packaging and traveling with personal beverage containers are additional measures to preventing the problem.
Additionally, active mitigation – or cleaning up these type of areas is also important. Forming a group of friends and family members, faith based community, or other group that gathers regularly is a great way to make an impact on pollution in your local area. By taking people out to clean up existing trash, we spread awareness and educate people about the impact litter makes. This blog on tips to running a successful community cleanup can be a great place to start you on starting your own cleanup group. If you are interested in helping clean up American Samoa please contact the EPA by email :firstname.lastname@example.org or call them directly at 684.633.2304